Gustav Stickley was born in 1858. In 1901, Stickley founded The Craftsman, a periodical expounding the English Arts & Crafts movement of William Morris and others, but which matured into a distinctly American movement. Working with architect Harvey Ellis and with brothers Leopold, Albert, Charles, and John, these pioneers of the movement developed housing plans and furniture styles which have had a major impact on the industry even to this day.
Gustav Stickley believed that a house should be constructed in harmony with its landscape, local materials should be used when possible, an open floor plan would encourage family interaction, and built-in bookcases and benches would maximize space. Decorations were intended to be organic in nature and minimal in use. The style of furniture developed is referred to as Mission and is characterized by rectilinear lines and solid sturdy construction.
For more on Gustav Stickley and the Craftsman Home.